Features of growing seedlings of strawberries from seeds

features of growing seedlings of strawberries from seeds Blog

You rarely see a personal plot on which strawberries do not grow. This tasty and healthy berry has not only an excellent taste, but is also rich in vitamins and microelements.

In order to grow a berry you need:

  • choose the variety you like;
  • Stock up on quality seeds.

When choosing a strawberry variety , you need to decide:

  • what size should the berries be – large or small;
  • taste preferences – sweet and sour or sugar;
  • use – for fresh or canned consumption.

When choosing seeds, it must be borne in mind that varieties are:

  • ordinary – fruiting once a year;
  • repaired – fruiting several times a year.

How to grow strawberry seedlings from seeds

Soil preparation

Properly prepared soil plays an important role in the successful cultivation of healthy and strong seedlings. The soil must meet the following requirements:

  • fertility;
  • looseness;
  • well pass moisture and air.

Experienced gardeners recommend preparing the soil mixture yourself by mixing the following ingredients:

  • 2 parts of garden land;
  • 1 part peat ;
  • 1 part coarse river sand;
  • 1 tablespoon of ash per 1 liter of soil.
The soil

It is recommended to keep the prepared mixture for 20 minutes in a microwave oven to kill pathogens and insect larvae, or spill it with a hot 20% solution of potassium permanganate.

Preparing seeds for sowing

Like any other seed, strawberry seeds require preliminary preparation. For these purposes, a disposable plastic container is used, with holes made in the lid for air access. A damp cloth is placed on the bottom of the container, the seeds are laid out on it, covered with another damp cloth and left for 72 hours to swell. After the time has elapsed, the seeds are inspected, the empty ones are removed and the container with the seeds is placed in the refrigerator for 48 hours in the vegetable compartment for stratification.

Sowing seeds

Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in February. For sowing seeds, you can use wooden boxes, disposable cups or peat tablets. Sowing containers should have holes at the bottom to remove excess moisture. Before sowing, it is recommended to treat the containers with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Pour small pebbles or expanded clay at the bottom of the container. The layer thickness is not more than 20 mm. Soil is poured on top of it, and slightly compacted. Then, with a pencil, grooves are made and the seeds are laid out in them. Since the seeds are small in size, it will be more convenient to do this with a toothpick, maintaining an interval between them of 2 cm. The seeds are sprinkled with a thin layer of soil and moistened with a spray bottle.

To create greenhouse conditions, containers are covered with cling film, holes are made in it with a toothpick for oxygen access and placed in a well-lit place, making sure that direct sunlight does not fall on the container. Seeds, depending on the variety of strawberries, give the first shoots in 10-21 days.

After germination, the film is removed and the containers are moved to a more lit place. The first week in the room it is necessary to maintain a temperature of + 22-25 degrees and an air humidity of 95%. Humidifiers are installed to humidify the air in the room. A week later, the temperature is lowered to +17 degrees. Lowering the temperature promotes hardening of seedlings. If the planting is too dense, thinning is necessary. If the seedlings have two true leaves, they are seated in separate containers.

Care

Considering that seedlings are grown in winter, for good growth and to prevent excessive stretching, it is necessary to organize lighting with phytolamps. The length of daylight hours should be at least 12 hours.

Watering should be done with a syringe to avoid getting on the leaves. The presence of moisture on the tender leaves of young seedlings can lead to sunburn. Watering should be moderate. Excessive soil moisture can cause black leg disease in seedlings.

Seedlings are planted at a permanent place of growth in the presence of five true leaves.

Sowing seeds in peat tablets

Peat tablets

Peat tablets are placed in a container so that the recesses are at the top. Pour water at room temperature into the container and leave until completely swollen. After about fifteen minutes, when the tablets swell, you can start sowing seeds.

In order to make it more convenient to pick up the seeds with a toothpick, they can be poured out on a saucer. Seeds with a moistened toothpick are laid out one at a time in the center of the deepening of the peat tablet. There is no need to close them.

The container is covered with polyethylene and placed in a warm room with good lighting. You can place the container on the windowsill, shading the seedlings from direct sunlight with a newspaper. Before germination, polyethylene is not removed. Condensation that forms on the surface of the polyethylene will drip down to moisten the seedlings. The first shoots will appear 7-10 days after sowing.

After the emergence of sprouts, the polyethylene is lifted for a short time to ventilate the seedlings. Water is added to the bottom of the container, trying not to get on the sprouts.

Planting seedlings in open ground

In order for the seedlings to tolerate the transplant well and successfully adapt to the new place, it is necessary to plant it in a slightly shaded area, protected from drafts. An ideal place for strawberries would be a plot where the following crops were previously planted:

  • cucumbers ;
  • carrots ;
  • pumpkin;
  • beets ;
  • bow ;
  • garlic .

The site must be prepared in advance. Digging up the soil, you need to remove weeds and roots, apply the following fertilizers per 1 square meter to improve the composition of the soil. meter:

  • 500 grams of wood ash;
  • 7 kg fermented mullein.

Healthy seedlings with five true leaves, the height of which is at least five cm, are suitable for planting. In order for the seedlings to take root better, it is recommended to treat the Zircon preparation three days before transplantation.

Strawberry

To protect the roots of the plant from weathering, they are dipped in liquid soil, diluted with water, to the state of thick sour cream.

Transplanting is best done on a cloudy day, or after sunset. If there is a close occurrence of groundwater, the bed must be raised by twenty cm. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other. Row spacing at least 65 cm.

A seedling is installed in the planting hole, the roots are straightened and covered with earth, compacting it well around the seedling so that there are no voids around the roots. After planting, the beds are well watered and mulched with humus. Mulching helps retain moisture in the soil and prevents the risk of fungal diseases.

Outdoor care

After transplanting, the seedlings are cared for as follows:

  1. Watering the first week is done regularly after sunset. A week later, non-rooted seedlings are removed from the garden and others are planted. Further watering is carried out as the topsoil dries.
  2. Loosening is carried out after each watering to prevent moisture stagnation and the formation of a crust on the soil surface, which prevents the penetration of oxygen to the roots of the plant. When loosening, weeds are removed from the beds. The presence of weeds in the garden can lead to fungal diseases.
  3. Top dressing is applied three times:
  • in the second decade of April;
  • during the flowering period;
  • after the end of the fruiting period.
Strawberry

In the spring, it is best to use mullein for fertilizer – 1 bucket per 4 buckets of water. Fermented for a week. Diluted before watering in a ratio of 1: 8

During the flowering period, they are fed with mineral fertilizers, which include:

  • phosphorus;
  • potassium;
  • magnesium.

After harvesting, fresh cow dung is spread between the rows.

  1. In the first year after transplanting, it is recommended to remove all flower stalks and mustaches to allow the seedlings to gain st

Difficulties in growing seedlings from seeds

Growing seedlings by seed, gardeners may encounter the following problems:

  1. Bad growth. With this problem, the plants must be treated with a solution of the growth stimulator “Epin”.
  2. Seedling leaves are twisted and deformed. The presence of these signs indicates damage to the plant by a spider mite. If this problem is identified, seedlings are treated with Fitoverm.
  3. Absence of seedlings. This happens in the case of sowing seeds with an expired shelf life. Sowing must be repeated. The second reason for the lack of seedlings may be drying out of the soil. In the absence of moisture in the soil, the seeds die.
  4. The smell of mold near the ground indicates excessive moisture. Watering must be stopped to prevent seedlings from rotting.
  5. Yellowing of leaves. When this problem is detected, the plants are shaded from direct sunlight.
Strawberry

In order to avoid the risk of infection with fungal diseases in early spring, it is recommended to carry out preventive treatment of plants with Bordeaux liquid.

Three weeks before flowering (early May), the plants are treated with Acrofit. This will protect the plant from pests.

Given your recommendations for planting and care, you can provide a rich harvest of fragrant, tasty, and very healthy berries at no extra cost.

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