Growing and planting horseradish

growing and planting horseradish Blog

Why do you need horseradish and what to do with it?

Horseradish ordinary, garden – perennial rhizomatous plant, which is often grown in the country in the middle lane. The root is thick, fleshy, penetrates to a depth of 2 m or more, branches strongly, forming a powerful rhizome. The surface of the roots is covered with outgrowths, in which numerous dormant buds are located. When crushed or dividing the roots, they can form roots in the lower part, and leaves in the upper part, forming new plants. Basal leaves are large, strongly elongated, dark green with notches along the edges. In the second – third year after planting, an upright, branched flower-bearing stem with leaves is formed. The flowers are white, small, collected in racemose inflorescences. In most cultivated forms of horseradish, seeds are not formed; it propagates mainly by rhizome.

Horseradish roots used in food have many useful properties, contain essential and fatty oils, vitamins, mineral salts necessary for a person. In terms of vitamin C content, horseradish surpasses most vegetable crops. Horseradish is rich in phytoncides and substances with antibacterial and enzymatic properties. In scientific medicine, horseradish is not used for medicinal purposes, but traditional medicine widely uses the beneficial properties of the roots and its freshly squeezed juice for many diseases.

Horseradish is a very frost-resistant plant; it overwinters in the countryside in the ground even under the most severe conditions and without any preparation. The fertile temperature for growth is 17-20 degrees, a higher temperature negatively affects the growth and development of plants, weakens the plant for diseases and pests.

Horseradish is grown in fertile areas, as woody, very bitter roots form on heavy clay soils. This plant does not like shading, although it is often grown among fruit and berry crops.

Although horseradish is a perennial plant, it is better to plant and cultivate it in the country in one place for no more than two years, since with age the root loses its marketability, becomes woody and too horny. In the second year, all roots should be dug up and stored in a cold cellar.

How to plant horseradish?

Horseradish propagates by roots. For planting, cuttings are cut as thick as a finger, 12-15 cm long and planted obliquely at an angle of 45 degrees so that the upper end is covered by 3-7 cm of soil. Distance between cuttings 35-40 cm and between rows 60-70.

To obtain even, smooth horseradish roots, before planting, remove the kidneys in the middle part of the cutting, wiping it with burlap. They leave the kidneys only at the upper and lower ends, 2 centimeters each. Leaves will grow from the upper part, and roots from the lower.

Pests and horseradish care

The opinion that horseradish culture does not require any care is erroneous.

Landings need loosening, weeding, watering. Horseradish leaves are damaged by pests of the broadband flea and babnukha. Sometimes they completely gnaw out the pulp, leaving only veins, and the leaves turn into dust. When pests appear, sprinkle with a solution of mustard and pepper (100 g of dry mustard and 50 g of ground hot pepper per 10 liters of water).

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