Weeds are a common problem for all gardeners. The fight against parasitic plants leads to constant discomfort and pain in the lower back. Therefore, there is not a single summer resident who would not dream of getting rid of weeds for 1 once and for all. There are many ways to eliminate parasitic plants, you can choose the most suitable ones and apply them to your beds.
The most common weed control
The first of the weed control methods is non-moldboard. It consists in preparing the beds, where the soil is dug up only once, and then the earth is only loosened. This method is relevant, because with this process, weed seeds will not be able to germinate and cause great harm to vegetable crops. To prevent subsidence of the soil, it is required to install small fences made of tiles, bricks or boards. At the same time, the paths are sprinkled with mulch or wood chips so that weeds do not develop there either.
The space between the plants must be covered with expanded clay, gravel or bark. This will not only avoid the development of weeds, but also make such structures a decoration of the summer cottage.
Another reliable way to eliminate weeds is to carry out mulching. Such a layer does not allow the seeds of parasitic plants to germinate, since they lack light. To carry out mulching apply:
- pine bark;
The use of peat also allows you to significantly increase the acidity of the soil. In such soil, weeds will definitely not be able to grow.
The use of chemicals in weed control
If simple methods fail to eliminate weeds, then it will be appropriate to use special chemicals that contribute to the destruction of aggressive weeds. Most of these drugs are classified as herbicides with a wide range of effects. A common tool is considered “Roundup”. It is necessary to work with chemicals carefully, strictly adhering to the instructions for use. It is also required to observe all precautions.
The use of bacteriological agents
Many summer residents do not want to use chemicals to eliminate weeds and parasitic grasses. In this case, the solution will be the use of bacteriological agents. First, all weeds must be lightly cut, and then pour the space with the prepared solution of EM agent . Very often, Baikal EM-1 is used for such purposes. A prerequisite is to pre-dilute the drug with water (proportion – 1:100). As a result of the impact, a rapid processing of the root system will occur. Experienced summer residents recommend carrying out such a procedure in the fall, when there are no vegetables on the beds, but only weeds.
The use of mixed landings and other mechanical methods
To significantly reduce weeds, mixed cultivation technology is used. On one bed, planting of herbal crops, berries and vegetables is practiced. The role of secondary crops is to create mulch. This will prevent the growth of weeds.
This planting method is used for flowerbeds, where there are a lot of different crops, including perennials and annuals.
So that weeds do not appear on the beds, they should be planted as densely as possible, in order to avoid empty areas, and, accordingly, free places for weed growth. Mulch is used to prevent gaps. But the best solution would be to use green manure or vegetables that grow quickly. When compacting the beds, it should be borne in mind that in too cramped conditions, vegetable crops will not be able to fully develop and produce a high yield.
Use of fire and vodka
The method of using vodka against weeds was invented by the Americans. Its essence is to treat the soil with ethyl alcohol (6%). You can also use ordinary vodka, which is mixed with water (150 ml of alcohol will need 1 liter of water). Treatment with such a preparation should be carried out 30-32 days before the start of crops.
The benefit of this procedure is that alcohol accelerates the growth of weeds. When parasitic plants appear on the surface, they need to be weeded out at a time. Summer residents who have already experienced this technique guarantee a lasting effect for 2-4 seasons.
Another of the non-standard methods of getting rid of weeds is the use of blowtorches. This method is perfect for those beds on which tight crops grow (dill, carrots, parsley). Weeds usually germinate before deliberately planted vegetable plants.
It will be possible to eliminate weeds by treating the surface of the earth with a flame from a lamp. It is very important not to direct the device for too long at one point, but to constantly manipulate it so as not to “set fire” to the vegetable seeds that are in the ground.
Other weed control methods
Every plant, including weeds, takes a very long time to recover. Therefore, when periodically cutting off the top of the plants, they will lose a lot of strength to restore their greenery. Because of this, their root system will suffer. If you repeat this procedure several times during the season, then you don’t have to worry about weeds, because they simply lose their strength to grow greenery. This method is quite effective and is in demand among gardeners, but it requires a lot of strength and patience.
Quite often, gardeners themselves become the cause of weeds, who pay little attention to their beds. The reason lies in the fact that summer residents use low-quality manure and fertilizers. The humus often contains weed seeds. If you use not fully finished fertilizer, then you can breed a lot of weeds in your garden. If the compost is prepared correctly, then the weed seeds will simply “burn out” in the fertilizer.
Another option to get rid of weed plants is the use of special covering materials. Agrofibre , roofing material and ordinary black film are very popular . This decision is especially important for planting strawberries from strawberries. You should leave small holes for the bushes so that they fully develop. Weeds will not be able to grow. An excellent alternative to roofing felt, which can release resins, is organic mulch. Often, wood bark, sawdust or straw is used for this. In addition, such a solution will also make the beds more attractive in terms of aesthetics.
Knowing how to properly care for the beds, and methods for eliminating weeds, you can forget about such a problem for a long time and enjoy beautiful and clean beds.