Every grower at least once in his life faced such a problem as midges in indoor flowers. Black midges with wings, white ground fleas or white-winged midges regularly annoy you, so this article is for you.
In this article we will tell you why midges appear in indoor plants, what are the ways to deal with them and methods of prevention. You will also learn about effective folk remedies that will help you get rid of unwanted insects.
- Why midges appear in indoor flowers
- Varieties of midges in indoor flowers
- black midges
- White midges
- Earth fleas – fools
- In what colors do midges most often appear
- How to get rid of midges in flowers
- Folk remedies for midges in indoor flowers
- How to get rid of midges with chemicals
- What to do so that there are no midges in the flowers
Why midges appear in indoor flowers
Before you start pest control, you need to clarify several factors: what kind of midges wound up in your flowers and what contributed to this in order to prevent the reappearance of midges.
Midges choose houseplants to lay their eggs and larvae, depending on the species. Insect larvae will feed on the root system and trace elements in flower pots, which will lead to the death of the flower.
If you still have midges, you should not be upset and rush to throw away the flower, as you can easily get rid of them.
TO BEGIN WITH, IT IS WORTH DETERMINING WHAT INFLUENCED THE APPEARANCE OF MIDGES:
- Wrong watering. Very often, in hot weather, housewives “pour” flowers. Water stagnates at the bottom of the pot, while the top of the soil is dry. Waterlogged soil is a very pleasant environment for midges, which contributes to their appearance.
- Open windows without mosquito nets. Not infrequently, pests such as fungus mosquitoes can fly into your room from the street. They also love the moist soil of overflowing flowers. Also, midges can get from the street along with bouquet flowers or new “inhabitants” of your greenhouse. Therefore, new flowers must be carefully examined before being placed next to the rest.
- Bad ventilation. Regularly ventilate the room, not forgetting insect screens. Poorly ventilated areas encourage insect breeding. Many experienced flower growers also do not recommend tightly filling shelves and window sills with flowers, since the air between the flowers does not circulate well, which contributes to the reproduction of midges.
- Infected soil. A common reason for the appearance of midges is not disinfected soil for flowers. If the remains of humus, leaves are preserved in the soil, then this contributes to the reproduction of pests. This is found both in the soil from a summer house or forest, and in store soil.
- Missing fruits and vegetables. Midges very quickly “settle” in spoiled fruits and vegetables, forgotten on the table or bin. And then they populate flowers with high humidity.
Varieties of midges in indoor flowers
Black midges are sciarids, they are also called mushroom mosquitoes. They are small, a few millimeters. Elongated black body, transparent wings. A threat to flowers are eggs that sciarids lay in moist soil. Adult midges are not dangerous to humans and flowers.
In another way, they are also called whiteflies or aleurodes. Adult midges are about two to three millimeters long. They are very similar to moths, do not confuse. Whiteflies have two pairs of white wings covered with flour-like coating.
Insects lay bright and well-defined eggs on the underside of the leaves. Very often, these insects are found on rich flowers, such as: fuchsia, primrose, pelargonium, poinsettia, hibiscus, abutilon.
The hatched larvae, like adult whiteflies, suck the juices from the stems and leaves. Damaged areas are deformed, twisted, sticky dew appears on them. If you do not take action, the plant will die.
These are flies up to three millimeters long. Outwardly, they resemble ordinary flies, only very small. For the plant, Drosophila is not dangerous. They are more likely to annoy people, because they multiply very quickly and fly around the apartment.
Earth fleas – fools
Podura (ground fleas), the second name is springtails. These are jumping wingless insects. They are found in places where the humidity is very high. White podur larvae cause damage to plant roots. They differ from other flies in that they jump very quickly and do not fly.
In what colors do midges most often appear
Experienced flower growers claim that midges do not appear in all varieties of flowers. For example, springtails prefer flowers with soft leaves, such as: fuchsias, begonias, etc.
Sciarids, on the contrary, take root at the roots of plants with dense leaves: violets, azaleas, ficuses. Very often, midges appear in hibiscus (Chinese rose), as this flower is moisture-loving and subject to frequent transfusion.
How to get rid of midges in flowers
Folk remedies for midges in indoor flowers
The main thing is to detect insects in flowers as quickly as possible, then it will not be difficult to get rid of them. At the same time, folk remedies will help you avoid unnecessary spending on funds for the destruction of midges.
There are quite a few options on how to get annoying springtails and sciarids out – starting with folk remedies and ending with chemical aerosols. Moreover, all methods and means are equally suitable for getting rid of white and black midges.
Folk remedies have been tested by time and experience of flower growers from all over the world. These products are safe for people and flowers. Since there are a large number of them, almost every home has everything you need to get rid of insects.
We have collected for you all the most effective means in the fight against midges in flowers:
- Watering with a solution of potassium permanganate. Water the flowers once or twice not with ordinary water, but with a light pink solution of potassium permanganate. This method has one limitation – be careful with the solution, do not strongly stain the water with potassium permanganate, as you can burn the roots of plants.
- Irrigation with soapy water. Dilute laundry soap in water and water the flowers with the resulting solution. Remember to wipe the leaves with soapy water. Just like with potassium permanganate, do not add much soap to the water.
- A solution of water with garlic. Although midges are not vampires, garlic also has a detrimental effect on them. How to prepare a solution of water with garlic: take 3 cloves of garlic, rub on a grater, pour in very hot water, about a liter and leave to infuse for a day in a dark place. Then spray the ground and plants with this solution two to three times a day for a week. You can also put cut garlic cloves in the soil of the flower. The smell in the apartment cannot be avoided, but you will definitely get rid of midges.
- Flavorings. In addition to garlic, it is recommended to drop the peel of a lemon or orange into the ground of flowers. The zest also repels midges like garlic. The main thing is not to forget to change the peels regularly to prevent the peel from rotting.
- Sulfur from matches. Sulfur from matches contributes to the destruction of midge larvae. To do this, you need to insert a few matches away from the center of the flower, closer to the edge, heads down. After watering, check to see if there is any sulfur left on the matches.
As a rule, after the second watering, sulfur dissolves in the soil. Repeat this procedure three to four times, usually enough to kill the insects.
- A solution of water with tobacco. Often, experienced flower growers use tobacco from cigarettes as a way to deal with midges. For this, a pack of strong, better than domestic cigarettes is enough. Gut the cigarettes into a container, fill with boiling water and leave to infuse for three to four days. Next, spray the flowers and soil several times a day, for a week.
- Cold. Plants that can tolerate low temperatures can be left on the balcony. Lowering the temperature can contribute to the destruction of adult midges and prevent the spread and reproduction. Not all colors are suitable for “cold therapy” and not in all regions, so this method is not for everyone.
- Drosophila traps. To build such a trap is not difficult. To do this, we need a plastic glass, filling: syrup, fruit slices, juice or honey. Cover with foil and make thin holes in it. Place these traps on all window sills and shelves with flowers.
- Flower transplant. If you have started the situation and think that all of the above funds will not help, then this method is for you. Just replace the entire primer in your colors. It’s labor intensive and not cheap, but this method works.
How to get rid of midges with chemicals
The use of folk remedies is undoubtedly safer, but there are situations when you can not do without chemicals. Such funds can be purchased at flower shops, hardware stores.
- Sticky traps. Sticky tapes will help get rid of flies in the short term, but will not help with eggs and larvae already laid. Also, the tape will not help with earthen fleas.
- Aerosols. These chemicals also help kill flying insects, but keep the larvae alive. After aerosol treatment, be sure to ventilate the room and carry out a wet cleaning. Effective aerosols include dichlorvos – Raptor, Raid, Neo.
- Solutions. More effective than aerosols are special chemical solutions, as they kill both midges and larvae. Such solutions include: Agravertin, Thunder-2, Aktara, Inta-vir, Bazudin, Fitoverm, Aktellik, Kinmiks, Karbofos.
WHEN USING CHEMICAL SOLUTIONS, DO NOT FORGET TO READ THE INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE AND DO NOT NEGLECT THE ADVICE OF SPECIALISTS.
What to do so that there are no midges in the flowers
- As we already know, the main reason for the appearance of midges is moisture. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly check whether the earth in the pot has dried sufficiently or not. It is also necessary to remember that at different times of the year watering is carried out in different ways. For a more accurate determination of moisture in flowers, you can use – indicators of watering plants.
- Make a good drainage layer in the soil. This will help the plants consume the required amount of water and prevent unnecessary accumulation of moisture.
- If you use soil from a country house or forest for flowers, then be sure to process it before planting flowers there. How to do it: A particularly effective way is to work the earth in the oven, under the influence of temperature. Half an hour at a temperature of 100 degrees is enough to destroy all insects in the ground. It is best to use ready-made fertilizers from the store, it is safer.
- Before planting flowers, do not forget to disinfect the ground with a solution of water and potassium permanganate for prevention.
- Bathe your flowers regularly. As we already know, some midges leave their eggs and larvae on the leaves. By bathing your greenhouse, you will reduce the risk of insect infestation.
- Do not be lazy to keep the top layer of soil clean and tidy. Regularly inspect your flowers not only for insects, but also remove dried leaves and flowers. Since they have the ability to decompose in moist soil, which contributes to the reproduction of midges of earthen fleas.
- If you regularly have new flowers, keep them in quarantine for half a month, separate from the rest. It is not known whether they contain insects or not. With this precaution, you will protect the bulk of your flowers from uninvited insects.
- Household recommendation. Try to avoid long-term storage of fruit and vegetable leftovers.
- The last and simplest recommendation to avoid the appearance of midges in flowers is airing. We already know that stale and stuffy air, combined with moist soil, is a favorable breeding ground for midges.
If you follow the recommendations of experienced flower growers, regularly carrying out preventive measures and caring for your favorite flowers, then this will save you from the appearance of midges in your flowers.