Moss on the lawn or how to get rid of an annoying weed?

moss on the lawn or how to get rid of an annoying weed Blog
Moss

In practice, most gardeners struggle with moss on their site, sometimes not even understanding why such a plant arises and fills not only the beds, but also attacks the trees. Moss does not cause much harm to crops, but it takes up a large amount of space, which does not allow vegetable plants to develop normally and produce a high yield. To understand the cause of this phenomenon, it is necessary to consider all possible factors influencing its development.

Why does moss appear on the beds?

One of the reasons why the soil in the beds turns green is algae. Dealing with what kind of parasitic plant is on your site is very simple, since algae most often reside in greenhouses. This happens if there is no normal ventilation in the greenhouse .

The main reasons why moss appears in places where vegetables or horticultural crops are grown are the following factors:

  1. Compacted soil. This phenomenon negatively affects the rhizomes of plants. Such land has a flat area, and this improves the growth of moss.
  2. Lack of good drainage. If the soil is wet or clayey, or even marshy, it will choke the root system and maintain a moist environment for weeds, including moss.
  3. A small level of soil acidity. Vegetable crops require a moderate to slightly acidic environment.
  4. Lack of natural lighting. Therefore, it is very important to choose the optimal place for arranging the beds. Designs should be located under the sun’s rays, and not in the shade.
  5. Lack of nutrients (organics) in the soil. Moss can form even on very poor clay soil.
  6. Adding too much phosphate fertilizer.
  7. Enrichment of the soil with organic matter, which contains a large number of spores. Under good conditions, moss begins to actively spread on the site.Moss

It will be possible to determine the reason that served as the development of moss in the beds, if you carefully look at its appearance:

  • the soil in the garden is acidic and dry, if the moss shoots are upright and the base is brown, while the tops are green;
  • the stem of the moss will spread in areas with a lack of lighting;
  • if there are not enough nutrients in the soil, then such a weed will be able to grow in a uniform “veil” of green color;
  • when a weed appears in the cracks and recesses of the earth, attention should be paid to moisture – perhaps water stagnates in the garden.

Only after determining the cause of the formation of moss, you can begin to exterminate it.

What is the danger of moss?

If moss is often planted for decorative purposes , then it only improves the design of the summer cottage, but the appearance of vegetation in the beds where it is not needed is a reason to take measures to eliminate it. Although moss is a non-parasitic crop, it can still significantly harm the growth and yield of vegetables in the beds.

Moss

The harmful effects of moss are:

  • deterioration of soil drainage, it becomes more and more compacted, and this significantly complicates the growth of the crop;
  • an increase in acidity, which adversely affects the development of most garden crops and leads to their diseases;
  • preventing the evaporation of moisture, which will lead to the formation of fungi on plants;
  • depletion of the soil, as the moss uses the nutrients that are in the soil.

If the soil is densely overgrown with mosses, then this leads to the fact that oxygen access is deteriorating there. This inhibits the root system of vegetable crops and suppresses beneficial soil microorganisms. If the ground is densely covered with a moss “blanket”, then seeds will not germinate well through it. In such “jungles” parasites of vegetable crops can multiply in large numbers.

For greenhouses, liver-type moss – marchantia – is the most harmful. Outwardly, it is very similar to a lichen, and the roots are very reminiscent of a small cobweb. Such a plant gets in the way of the normal ingress of oxygen into the soil and to the root system of crops.

Moss control methods

There are a large number of methods that will help overcome moss in the beds. But before choosing one or another method, you need to figure out the cause of such a problem in the garden. If you do not want to use chemicals, you should use mechanical methods of struggle. The most common:

  1. How to cut plants with a shovel. After carrying out such a procedure, it is required to loosen the soil in the beds with a hoe and do mulching. For mulch, mowed lawn grass, sawdust, pine needles and tree bark are used. Moss removal is required in the spring, during light frosts, so that the layers of plants are easily separated from the ground.
  2. Removal of layers of cultures together with the top soil. After such manipulations, it is required to fill the fresh earth into the structure. In this case, it is better to get rid of contaminated soil. It must be removed from the suburban area. Before laying out new soil, it is necessary to carry out liming of the soil. You should sprinkle the surface with quicklime, and after a day – pour in water. New soil needs to be added only after the site dries out.

But such methods of elimination are not always very effective, therefore, chemicals are often used to eliminate moss. For example, a solution of water, soda and grated soap (2 liters per 0.2 kg and 30 g) helps well. The drug must be poured into a spray bottle and sprayed on the beds. You can also mix water with dishwashing detergent (1:1) and apply in the same way.

English gardeners use a different method. You should take 1 tbsp. l. baking soda mixed with 2 tbsp. l. vegetable oil and ¼ tsp. liquid castile soap. The components are added to 4 liters of water and mixed. It is required to cultivate the soil with moss using a spray bottle. In the autumn, you can use copper sulfate. To process 1 weave of beds, you will need about 2 liters of the drug.

If there is too much of such a parasitic plant on the ground, then any glyphosate-containing herbicide, ferrous sulfate, can be used. To prepare the solution, you need to take 55-145 ml of the selected drug and mix it with water. The prepared solution is enough to process the beds, an area of ​​3 acres. To quickly eliminate a large number of weeds, you can use “Dichlorophen”.

If your site has a lot of marchantia, then you can sow it with mustard, peas or colza. Such crops will cover the area with a solid carpet, which will prevent the development of mosses.

Preventive measures to prevent the appearance of mosses

If you are not happy with the prospect of fighting mosses, then you should try to do everything so that such plants do not appear on your beds. To do this, provide the garden with proper care. There are a few important rules to keep in mind:

  1. It is not recommended to install beds near water bodies, as this leads to waterlogging of the soil. For this reason, trenches should be excavated or renewed annually to drain rainwater.
  2. You can equip a drainage system. To do this, you need to dig channels, the depth of which is from 0.4-0.5 m to 2 m. The channels need to be covered with rubble and pipes for drainage should be laid there, which are wrapped in geotextiles (the material prevents clogging of the holes). The top needs to be covered with earth and rubble. This will allow excess water to drain off the site and into the installed barrel. From the tank it is necessary to pour water into the ditch.
  3. Every year, fertilizing containing organic matter should be applied to the beds. You can sow green manure . Thanks to this solution, vegetable crops will develop well, displacing weeds, including moss.

It is also possible to carry out complex top dressing with the help of nitrogen components, nitroammophoska and ammonium nitrate. So that the beds are not shaded, it is necessary to systematically prune trees and bushes.

For better loosening of the soil in structures for growing plants, compost substances and humus should be introduced into the ground. It will also be useful to add coniferous needles and rotted sawdust. Drainage can be improved by deepening areas and adding sand to the ground.

To protect your site from the appearance of mosses, it is better to install high structures for growing crops. They are laid in layers and arranged in such a way that weeds, including moss, will not develop in them.

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