An unusual biennial plant, attracting with its bright appearance, has become a frequent guest in the gardens. Gardeners fell in love with ornamental cabbage for its ease of cultivation and unpretentiousness in care.
The most common are two types:
The tall species reaches a height of 100 cm and has a straight powerful stem. In appearance, this variety resembles a palm tree. The leaves are arched, openwork or corrugated. The color of the leaves is green and white with various shades.
The rosette type has a large number of leaves that practically cover the short trunk. The shape of the outlet, depending on the variety, may resemble a carnation, chrysanthemum or rose. Socket color:
The leaves of this species can be:
- Seedling cultivation
- Video: how to sow ornamental cabbage for seedlings
- Transplantation in open ground
- Outdoor seedling care
- Sowing seeds in open ground
- Ornamental Brassica Cabbage – Species and Varieties
- “Lark’s Tongue”
- “Red high”
- “Kai and Gerda”
- “Sunrise F1”
- “Colors of the East”
- Seed collection
- Difficulties in growing ornamental cabbage
- Decorative cabbage in landscape design
Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out from March 15 to April 10. Before sowing, the seeds are treated with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate to prevent fungal diseases and soaked for three hours in the growth stimulator “Heteroauxin” to increase germination.
Seeds are recommended to be sown in separate cups. This will facilitate the transplantation of seedlings to a permanent place of growth and protect against damage to the roots.
Prepare the soil for sowing seeds by mixing the following ingredients:
- sod land;
- peat ;
These components are mixed in a ratio of 2:1:1:1 Before use, it is recommended to keep the soil mixture in a microwave oven for 20 minutes to destroy pathogenic microbes and larvae of harmful insects.
Video: how to sow ornamental cabbage for seedlings
Cups with seeds are covered with cling film, which is not removed until the seeds germinate. Place containers in a well-lit room with a temperature of + 20-22 degrees. The first shoots will appear on the fifth day. After the appearance of sprouts, polyethylene is removed from the cups and the temperature is lowered for three days to +12 degrees. In the future, seedlings are grown at a temperature of +18 degrees.
For good growth and full development, you need to take care of bright, but diffused lighting. With a lack of light, the seedlings will stretch, and subsequently the thin stem will not withstand the load.
Cabbage seedlings love moist soil . Watering should not be frequent, but plentiful. Cabbage responds well to spraying with a spray bottle with warm settled water. There should not be much moisture, otherwise the plant will get sick with a black leg.
To improve growth, seedlings need top dressing. The first dressing is applied when the seedlings have two true leaves. To do this, two grams of nitroammophoska are diluted in one liter of water. Seedlings are watered with the solution. The second top dressing is carried out 14 days before transplanting seedlings to a permanent place of growth.
Transplantation in open ground
In early May, if the seedlings have three true leaves, it is planted in a flower bed . Two weeks before transplanting, the seedlings begin to harden, taking out for a short time in fresh air. Gradually, the time the seedlings stay on the street is increased.
For good growth of seedlings, it is necessary to choose the right site for further growth. When choosing a site, the following nuances should be considered:
- The place where seedlings will grow in the future should not have an accumulation of moisture.
- The site should be well lit, as with a lack of lighting, the brightness of the leaves can not be expected.
Planted plants according to the scheme 40X40. Transplant in cloudy rainy weather, or in the evening, so that the seedlings have time to adapt. The seedlings are buried in the ground to the cotyledon leaves, the soil around the stem is compacted so that voids do not form around the roots.
After planting cabbage in a permanent place of growth, it is necessary to immediately introduce nitrogen-containing top dressings and organic matter. It is not recommended to fertilize young seedlings with manure, as this can cause the plant to lose its decorative color.
Outdoor seedling care
Caring for ornamental cabbage includes a number of the following activities:
- Abundant watering is carried out every four days. Every day in the evening, it is necessary to spray the leaves with a spray bottle.
- The soil after watering must be loosened to prevent stagnation of moisture in the soil and the formation of a crust that prevents the penetration of oxygen to the roots. This will help prevent root rot.
- Regular removal of weeds is essential. To reduce the number of weeds, the soil around the seedlings should be mulched with sawdust.
- Twice during the summer period it is necessary to apply complex mineral fertilizers under the root and perform one spraying of the foliage.
- To prevent the attack of harmful insects, cabbage is recommended to be sprayed with insecticides for prevention.
Sowing seeds in open ground
In open ground, seeds are sown from May 15 to June 15. The soil is prepared in the fall, introducing when digging for 1 sq. meter the following fertilizers:
- compost – 3.5 kg;
- ammonium sulfate – 20 grams;
- superphosphate – 42 grams;
- potassium chloride – 15 grams.
To normalize the level of acidity in the soil, it is recommended to add lime.
Sowing seeds is carried out in early April. Seeds are sown to a depth of 15 mm with an interval of 5×5 cm. The area with seedlings is covered with polyethylene to create greenhouse conditions. After the appearance of the first sprouts, the polyethylene is removed. If the seedlings have four true leaves, it is necessary to thin out, leaving the strongest, well-developed specimens. Less developed seedlings are transplanted to another place and grow. The distance between the remaining seedlings should be at least 35 cm.
Ornamental Brassica Cabbage – Species and Varieties
The stem of this plant variety has a height of 1 meter 30 cm. The leaves of the plant with carved edges have long petioles, painted in various shades of green. The leaves are up to 70 cm long.
The bush of this variety with a diameter of 70 cm has an unusually bright color. The leaves on the stem are purple.
It resembles a palm tree, 0.5 meters high and up to 50 cm in diameter. The leaves are corrugated, have a purple-red color. The plant has good immunity to fungal and bacterial diseases.
“Kai and Gerda”
The height of the bush is 85 cm. The leaves are curly, have a purple and green color. The variety is frost-resistant, calmly tolerates a drop in temperature to -12 degrees.
Among the popular varieties of the rosette type, the following varieties are most popular:
The rosette of this variety resembles a half-opened rosebud. The leaves are lacy, corrugated. At an air temperature of 13-15 degrees, the rosettes acquire a rich cream color with a pink center. Used to create compositions and decorate borders.
The leaves are openwork, corrugated, rounded dark green. The rosette has a color from bright white to red. The height of the bush does not exceed 35 cm.
A large rosette in diameter reaches 45 cm, the height of the bush is 60 cm. Leaves with even or double edges.
Popular varieties of ornamental cabbage bred in Russia include:
The plant is medium-late, 35 cm high. The diameter of the rosette is up to 45 cm. The rosette in the center has a white-yellow color, and the leaves along the edges are light green. The variety is immune to diseases and pests.
Medium maturation variety. Stem height up to 50 cm, diameter 45 cm. The center of the rosette has a rich crimson color, the leaves are dark green along the edges. The leaves are smooth, covered with a wax coating.
“Colors of the East”
Late variety, semi-spreading rosette shape, medium-sized leaves, painted gray-green. The middle of the rosette is bright purple. The leaves are rounded, very wavy. Violet central veins.
Ornamental cabbage reproduces by seed. To get seeds, you need to dig a bush with a clod of earth in the fall, cut off the lower leaves, leaving only the top and dig it in the sand. Moisten the sand, and place containers with rosettes in a dry room with good ventilation. So that the roots do not dry out, the sand must be periodically moistened.
In the spring, as soon as good weather sets in, the cabbage is planted in open ground. For good pollination, you need to plant several bushes nearby.
The flowering period begins in June. As soon as the inflorescences fade, seed pods appear in their place. So that the birds do not peck the seeds, the pods must be covered with material. When the pods begin to dry out and change color, they should be plucked, bundled, and hung from the ceiling in a dry, well-ventilated area. Spread newspaper under the bunches of pods. You need to wait two weeks for the final drying. Then split the pods and collect the seeds.
Difficulties in growing ornamental cabbage
Ornamental cabbage, like white cabbage, suffers from the attacks of the following pests:
- aphid ;
If ornamental cabbage is only a decoration of the garden, and is not used for food, it can be treated with chemicals. In this case, it is enough to treat the plant once. If the plant is eaten, it is recommended to treat it with folk remedies:
- If slugs are found, the plant and the soil around it should be sprinkled with coniferous needles or ash.
- From aphids, a thick solution of laundry soap is a good remedy.
- Tobacco, ash, red pepper will help get rid of cruciferous midges that annoy the plant. The plant must be sprinkled with any of the listed means.
- In the fight against caterpillars, treatment of plants with a 1% solution of superphosphate can help. The greatest effect can be achieved if the treatment is performed after rain.
- To scare away harmful insects from the plant, it is recommended to plant cabbage next to:
Decorative cabbage in landscape design
In landscape design it goes well with the following plants:
Ornamental cabbage is used to decorate:
- alpine slides;
- garden paths;
Unpretentiousness in care, attractive, unusually beautiful appearance, resistance to low temperatures have earned the plant popularity. Even a novice florist can grow it.