Pansies: growing methods

pansies growing methods Blog
Pansies

Undoubtedly, pansies are an adornment of any garden. A variety of color shades allows you to fit into any design of a summer cottage. This flower belongs to perennial plants of the tricolor violet family. It reaches a height of 15 to 30 cm. This type of flower is propagated by cuttings or seeds.

Growing viola from seeds

seeds

A favorable time for sowing seed material for seedlings is the first days of February. Seedlings obtained from seeds by the time they land on the flower bed will already have time to grow well and get stronger.

How to properly prepare seeds for sowing

Before sowing, the seeds must be prepared as follows:

  1. It is necessary to treat the seeds with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection.
  2. To improve germination, soak the seeds for 2 hours in a solution of wood ash. The solution is prepared as follows:
  • water – 1 liter;
  • ash – 1 tablespoon.

The water temperature is 40 degrees. After two hours, the seeds are ready for sowing.

Soil preparation

For sowing seeds, it is necessary to prepare the following soil mixture:

  • garden soil – 1 part;
  • peat – 0.5 parts;
  • sifted river sand – 1 part.

The prepared soil must be poured abundantly with a strong solution of hot potassium permanganate for disinfection. Seeds can be sown in prepared soil.

Sowing seeds seedling growing technology

For the growth of seedlings, rectangular wooden boxes, or plastic containers are used. Drawers must have drainage holes. They are filled with prepared soil, in which depressions of 0.5 cm are made. Seeds mixed with sand are sown in the groove so that the sowing frequency is not too dense. Sprinkle the seeds with a thin layer of sand, do not tamp.

Cover the boxes with polyethylene or glass and take them out into a dark room. Do not leave the container in the light, as the seeds will not germinate. Every day it is necessary to remove the polyethylene for a few minutes for ventilation. After 5-8 days, the first shoots should appear. Polyethylene must be removed and the container with sprouts moved to a more lit room. Since there will be a lack of lighting in February, you need to organize additional lighting using fluorescent lamps for this. The lamp should be located no closer than 5 cm from the seedling container. In order for the seedlings not to stretch excessively, the temperature in the room should be + 13-15 degrees.

Seedling

Top dressing should be carried out every 7 days. Any flower fertilizer will do for this. Watering should be done every day, but this should be done in moderation. Dampness can cause black leg disease.

When the sprouts have 3 true leaves, they must be planted in separate containers. Seedlings must be hardened 7 days before transplanting to a flower bed. The first two days, containers with seedlings should be taken out to fresh air for two hours. The following days, the time must be increased. The day before planting, leave the seedlings outside overnight.

You can plant seedlings in open ground in mid-May. The soil for transplantation is prepared in the same way as for seeds. Planted at a distance of 20 cm from each other. After transplanting, the seedlings are watered with water at room temperature. The soil around the seedlings is mulched with peat or straw. A layer of mulch will retain moisture in the soil and protect the root system from freezing.

A month after transplantation, the flowering period begins.

Sowing seeds in open ground

You can sow seeds in open ground in the middle of April. For this, varieties with small flowers are best suited, they are more resistant to cold. It is not recommended to sow terry varieties with large flowers in open ground!

Terry varieties are sown from May to June. They will start blooming in late autumn. However, after the flowering period, the plants are exhausted and do not tolerate wintering well. Plants that do not bloom at all will survive the winter better. In this case, they will bloom next year in early spring.

Site selection and soil preparation for sowing

Site selection

For sowing seeds, it is necessary to choose the right site. Best of all, Pansies will feel in a shaded area. In direct sunlight, the flowers will wilt and the foliage will turn yellow. On a site located in the shade of Pansies, they will hurt and will not bloom.

Another important condition for the growth of pansies is soil moisture. They cannot tolerate dampness. The soil should be moderately moist.

The soil should not be heavy, clay or sandy. It is recommended to prepare the soil for the growth of this type of flowers yourself. When digging a plot for sowing seeds in the soil, it is recommended to add humus and sifted river sand. For 1 sq. meter must be added one bucket of each ingredient. Such soil will not be too light and will pass moisture and air well. To normalize the level of acidity, it is also necessary to add ash at the rate of 1 liter jar per 1 sq. soil meter. Before sowing seeds, it is recommended to shed the soil with a hot solution of strong potassium permanganate for disinfection and in order to destroy pest larvae.

Do not add fresh manure or droppings to the soil on which Pansies will grow! To improve the condition of the soil, use only last year’s humus!

Seed preparation

24 hours before sowing, the seeds are treated with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate and soaked in a solution of the drug “Epin” to improve their germination.

The seeds are mixed with sand and sown in pre-prepared grooves 0.5 cm deep. They are sprinkled on top with a thin layer of soil. After sowing, the soil is moistened with water at room temperature. The first shoots should appear 7-14 days after planting.

When two leaves grow on the seedlings, they must be dived, while pinning the central root by 1/3. Do this for better development of the root system. Seedlings are planted at a permanent place of growth at a distance of 25 cm from each other.

Care

I water a little every day. The soil must be kept moist. Excess moisture will lead to blackleg disease. After watering, the soil must be loosened to prevent the formation of a crust that prevents the penetration of oxygen to the root system.

A prerequisite for care is the removal of weeds from the flower bed, which not only clogs the flowers, but also draws useful substances from the soil.

Top dressing is carried out once every 30 days. For top dressing, it is best to use complex fertilizers, which include:

  • phosphorus;
  • nitrogen;
  • potassium;
  • trace elements.

Reproduction of pansies by cuttings

Propagation by cuttings is carried out from late spring to early summer. Perform this procedure as follows:

  1. From the top of the bush, you need to cut off green shoots that have 2-3 nodes.
  2. Cut shoots must be planted close to each other in a shaded area to a depth of 0.5 cm.
  3. After planting, the cuttings are abundantly watered and sprayed with a spray bottle.
  4. In October, it is necessary to transplant the cuttings to the wintering place.

From one bush you can get up to 40 cuttings per season. Cuttings take root in a month. The flowering period will begin at the end of summer. If propagation by cuttings is performed at the end of summer, then Pansies will bloom next spring.

The advantage of this type of reproduction is that with this type of reproduction, the bush is rejuvenated and flowering improves.

Reproduction by layering

Reproduction of some varieties of Pansies is also possible with the help of long lateral processes. At the beginning of autumn, the lateral processes must be sprinkled with earth, and by the end of autumn they will take root. In the spring they are transplanted to a permanent place of growth. If the shoots are strong, then by the end of spring they should bloom.

Viola cultivation on the balcony

To grow Pansies on a balcony, you can use:

  • wooden boxes;
  • plastic containers;
  • flower pots.Viola

The size of the containers must be 1 meter long, the depth and width must be at least 25 cm. The containers must have drainage holes. This is necessary to remove excess moisture from the container and provide oxygen to the root system of plants. At the bottom of the container, it is necessary to pour a layer of expanded clay 2-3 cm thick. Soil prepared as follows is poured over the drainage layer:

  • leaf ground – 1 part;
  • peat – 1 part;
  • sifted river sand – 0.5 parts.

If there are difficulties with the preparation of the soil, in this case, soil for violets can be purchased at a specialized store. We fill the container with soil, leaving 1.5-2 cm unfilled to the top.

Viola

Before use, 24 hours before sowing the seeds, the soil must be watered with a hot solution of strong potassium permanganate for disinfection. This will protect the shoots from diseases and insect larvae.

Sowing seeds must be done in March. In the prepared soil, make a groove 0.5 cm deep. Mix the seeds with sand, sow in the groove and cover with a thin layer of sand. Top the container with polyethylene and place in a dark place for germination. Polyethylene must be removed every day for ventilation for 10-15 minutes. After 5-7 days after the appearance of the first shoots, the polyethylene is removed, the boxes are placed in a well-lit room. If there is not enough lighting, it is necessary to arrange additional lighting with fluorescent lamps.

If the seedlings have three true leaves, the seedlings are transplanted into a container at a distance of 20 cm from each other. If the balcony is open, then the container with seedlings is exposed in May.

It is necessary to pay attention to which side the balcony is located on. If it is on the sunny side, then Pansies will bloom well, but the flowering period will not last longer than mid-July. If the balcony is shaded, then flowering will be less abundant, but the flowering period will last until autumn.

Watering Pansies is necessary as needed. The soil should be constantly moist, but not wet. For better flowering, it is recommended to spray the flowers every day with a spray bottle.

The first top dressing must be done two weeks after transplanting seedlings. For these purposes, the complex fertilizer “Kemira” or “Agricola” is suitable. Subsequent top dressing should be performed 1 time in 30 days.

Viola care during flowering

During the flowering period, Viola can be transplanted into flower beds to decorate the design and interior. After transplanting to a permanent place of growth, the following care must be taken:

  1. Watering . In order for Pansies to bloom profusely and regularly, it is necessary to ensure that the soil is always moist, but not wet. Dampness leads to disease of flowers.
  2. Loosening . After watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil in order to prevent moisture stagnation and the formation of a heavy crust on the soil surface, which prevents the penetration of oxygen to the roots of plants.
  3. Removal of weeds that clog flowers and pull nutrients from moisture.
  4. Top dressing . It is necessary to feed the plants once a month with complex mineral fertilizers rich in such components as:
  • nitrogen;
  • potassium;
  • phosphorus.

You can’t add organic matter.

  1. Regularly remove faded buds from the bush so that seed boxes do not form. This will allow new buds to open. After the formation of seed pods, the flowers stop blooming.
  2. After the Pansies have faded, it is necessary to dig up spring varieties and plant summer varieties in their place.
  3. To collect seeds from spring varieties, healthy, undamaged bushes are selected, transplanted to a seed bed and continued to be watered. In order to obtain seeds of any particular variety, it is necessary to plant each variety separately during transplantation, observing the distance between varieties, since Pansies are cross-pollinated. It is necessary to monitor the maturation of the seed box. When it turns yellow, it must be plucked. When overripe, the box cracks, and the seeds spill into the soil.
  4. If the shoots are excessively stretched, they must be pinched.
  5. If the bushes dry out, they need to be cut and fertilized.Vyiola

Diseases and pests

With improper care, Pansies begin to hurt. The most common diseases are:

  1. Gray rot . The cause of this disease is excessive moisture. The disease spreads very quickly and affects seedlings. A gray coating appears on the leaves, the leaves and stems soften and become watery. When the first signs of the disease appear, it is necessary to treat the seedlings with the “Fundozol” preparation, reduce the temperature and temporarily stop watering.Gray rot
  2. Powdery mildew. It looks like a white coating on the leaves. Leaves change color and turn brown. Infected bushes must be removed, and the rest of the flowers should be treated with Topaz.powdery mildew
  3. Bacterial spotting . It looks like spots of yellow and brown, covering the leaves of flowers. If this problem is detected, diseased plants are removed from the flower bed, and the rest of the bushes are treated with Hom for prevention.
  4. Blackleg. The cause of this disease is abundant watering and stagnation of moisture in the soil. If this problem is detected, watering must be temporarily stopped and the soil loosened.Blackleg

In addition to pansies diseases, the following types of pests are affected:

  1. Aphid . When a flower is affected by aphids, the leaves and buds of the plant dry and turn yellow. They have a sticky coating on them. When this problem occurs, the flowers must be treated with a solution of laundry soap.Aphid
  2. Slugs. You can learn about the appearance of these pests by the grooves and holes on the leaves. If these signs are found, watering should be reduced, and pests should be collected manually.Slugs
  3. Spider mite. When this pest appears, the flowers must be washed under a small pressure of water.spider mite

Spraying plants with tobacco infusion prepared as follows will help prevent the appearance of pests:

  • hot water – 1 bucket;
  • tobacco – 200 grams.

Infuse for 24 hours, strain and spray the plants with a spray bottle.

Popular varieties of Pansies

Due to the increased popularity of this type of plant, breeders have bred a number of hybrid varieties that are characterized by increased resistance to pests and diseases. Among them, the most popular are:

  1. Snow Maiden – differs in large snow-white flowers. Grows up to 30cm high. More than 30 flowers can bloom on one bush at the same time.
  2. Magical March – the flowers are velvety, have a bright purple color, which eventually becomes almost black. Flower diameter 5 cm.
  3. Little Red Riding Hood – got its name due to the bright red color of the flower with a dark center. Bud diameter 6 cm.
  4. Giant Gold – has a golden color. In height, the bush grows up to 15 cm, the diameter of the flower is 11 cm.
  5. Winter sun – the flower has a two-tone color. The top of the flower is light yellow in color, and the bottom has a chocolate color. Flower diameter 6-7 cm.
  6. Jupiter – has a tricolor color. The upper petals are purple in color with a white border around the edges. The lower petals are white and pink.
  7. Fire King is a variety with small flowers. In height, the bush grows up to 20 cm and has more than 100 flowers. The upper petals are purple and the lower petals are bright yellow.

Pansies have a huge variety of varieties of a wide variety of colors, so flower growers can choose any variety to their liking. With proper care, these unpretentious flowers will become a worthy decoration of your garden or turn your balcony into a piece of paradise where you can relax after a busy day.

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