Do not start planting garlic until you inspect the bulbs, because it is very important under what conditions they were stored: if from + 3C to + 5C – the planting material is the one that is needed; if you kept it warm, then the bulbs had to be kept at a low temperature for at least 2-3 weeks, otherwise your garlic will ripen 25 days, or even more later.
Select teeth for planting. If in winter garlic these cloves, as a rule, are one to one, then in spring garlic they are different – both large and very small. We plant the largest and medium. Small ones, of course, do not throw them away, we will plant them to get greenery. Don’t forget to plant upside down! Do not press the teeth into the soil, but make holes with a peg. Close each well.
Growing and caring for spring garlic
For successful cultivation, you need to follow a few simple rules.
First, you need a lot of moisture and low soil temperature. The root system of garlic actively grows already at a temperature of +3, +5°C.
Secondly, for cultivation, a well-prepared (preferably in autumn) ridge and the correct planting pattern are needed: at a distance of 20-25 cm, with a depth of 2-3 cm for cloves, from the soil surface to the top of the cloves.
Thirdly, top dressing: nitrogen fertilizer when seedlings appear (dilute a tablespoon of urea and a glass of mullein in 10 liters of water, spending 3 liters of solution per 1 m2. Repeat after 10 days) and phosphorus-potassium fertilizer during the period when the bulbs begin to form (at 10 l of water, dilute 2 tablespoons of double superphosphate and 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate or potassium chloride, water 1 m2 with 5 liters of solution. Repeat after 10 days).
Your garlic will only benefit if you mulch the ridge with a thin layer of peat, humus, compost. Mulch will retain moisture and delay the warming of the soil.
When to harvest spring garlic?
You can harvest spring garlic in late August – early September. However, everything strongly depends on the area and the weather that was in the summer. Usually it is harvested 2-3 weeks after the winter. The main sign that you can start cleaning is the leaves. The upper leaves begin to turn yellow and lie down, the lower leaves dry up. When it’s time to dig up the garlic, it’s best to be guided by the weather. It is important to dig it out in dry, sunny weather and lay it out in the garden to dry. Do not cut off the leaves when digging, it is better to cut them off after drying. If the weather is good, dry the harvested garlic outdoors, but in our area, as a rule, you have to dry it in attics or indoors. After 3-5 days, the leaves and roots can be cut off, leaving a 4-5 cm petiole, and the heads can be stored in a cool, dry place.