If a farmer in the spring sees small black insects on young cabbage plants, then he immediately needs to prepare for the battle for the crop. After all, these pests – cruciferous fleas, threaten not only cabbage, but also other vegetable crops – cabbage, radish, mustard, turnip and radish. Measures to control the pest population can be different, the main thing for the farmer is to choose the most effective methods and start their application on their lands in a timely manner.
Black fleas on cabbage, how to process?
A tiny but very voracious pest attacks cabbage very early. The vegetable grower can notice the first signs of cruciferous flea damage both on seedlings and on young cabbage forks. How to treat the affected plants, the farmer can decide on his own by putting into practice one of the control methods discussed below:
1. The use of the drug “Karate”
After diluting 2 ml of the product in a ten-liter bucket, the resulting solution is applied to the affected areas. It destroys fleas and reduces their population.
2. Insecticide “Aktellik”
A solution based on a bucket of water and 20 ml of the drug is evenly applied to cabbage bushes from all sides.
3. Use of other insecticides
In garden centers, preparations for combating cruciferous fleas are presented in a wide range. A farmer can buy “Aktara”, “Intavir”, “Decis” and other means with similar actions and use them in pest control following the instructions placed on the package by the insecticide manufacturer.
Using one of the methods discussed, the vegetable grower should not forget about precautions. He must carry out all work in the garden in personal protective equipment – a respirator, gloves and overalls, in order to avoid accidental insecticide poisoning.
How to treat cabbage from a flea with home remedies?
In search of an answer to the question of how to treat cabbage from a flea, adherents of organic farming do not even consider the options for using various chemicals and herbicides. The principle of action of these drugs is contrary to the basic concept of farmers who want not only to preserve the cabbage crop, but also to be sure of its health benefits.
The use of home remedies will help farmers in the fight against fleas:
1. Application of soap solution: the right result and a simple application scheme
To prepare this solution, the farmer will need wood ash (3 kg), laundry soap (40 grams) and clean water (10 liters). After mixing these ingredients, the farmer must wait 48 hours for them to infuse. Then the solution is applied to the bushes by irrigation, repeating the treatment of the land at intervals of two weeks until the fleas completely disappear from the beds.
2. Wood ash: an affordable and effective tool in the arsenal of a summer resident
Many gardeners use pure wood ash as a top dressing. However, this valuable component is also effective in pest control. With it, you can get rid of the cruciferous flea by dusting the bushes with ashes several times with a break between treatments of 3-4 days.
3. A decoction based on tomato stems
Having harvested a tomato, the farmer can use the stems remaining on the beds to prepare a decoction. Taking 4 kilograms of stems and 10 liters of water, you need to bring the broth to a boil, and then let it brew. Before using the product, soap chips are added to it. So the solution works better and allows you to quickly get rid of fleas on cabbage beds.
4. Application of dry mixes
You can process beds not only with decoctions and infusions. Dry mixes will also help to scare away fleas from cabbage shoots. Their recipes are as follows:
– ash and black ground pepper (1: 1);
– red hot pepper;
– wood ash and slaked lime (1: 1);
– dried celandine, dill, marigold color, coriander (1:1:1:1);
– tobacco dust and wood ash (1: 1), etc.
The mixture is poured on the ground, as well as on cabbage bushes.
5. Infusion to repel fleas
From simple ingredients – potato tops, onions, garlic, dandelion leaves and wormwood, a summer resident can prepare an infusion that will scare away pests from the beds. The infusion is brought to a boil, and sprayed onto the cabbage after 2-3 days, using a spray bottle or irrigation method.
The folk remedies given in the current section are quite effective. They need to be put into practice regularly. Otherwise, the flea will destroy not only the lower leaves and stems, but also the forks of cabbage that are intended for consumption and leave the farmer without a well-deserved harvest.
Like any other problem, it is wiser to prevent the appearance of fleas on cabbage than to eliminate the consequences. Therefore, rational farmers take preventive measures in advance to guarantee the protection of cabbage beds from voracious pests – fleas and their larvae.
Effective preventive measures include:
– mulching cabbage beds;
– creation of a thin sand embankment on the ground intended for planting cabbage seedlings;
– humidity control, which implies abundant watering of plants during the period of drought and sunshine;
– timely removal of weeds from row spacing and further use of their tops for the preparation of mulch;
– early planting of seedlings in open ground.
Helps control the appearance of fleas in the beds and the practice of mixed plantings. Having planted seedlings of cabbage along with marigolds, dill or garlic in one area, the farmer will not see a pest on the seedlings, since the smell of crops growing in the neighborhood will scare him away.