Thuja from seeds at home

thuja from seeds at home Blog

Thuja is a coniferous tree of the cypress family. Due to unpretentiousness, high frost resistance, it is widely used in landscaping city parks, squares, suburban areas. There are 5 types of plants. The most popular are Thuja western and Thuja folded. For decorative landscaping of plots, Thuja orientalis is also used.

Gardeners and summer residents often plant trees as a green hedge. Most of all, cuttings are suitable for this. However, there are not always enough shoots. Therefore, it is advisable to use the seed method of breeding thuja.

planting seeds

Since the coniferous plant tolerates frosty weather well and does not need special care, it is possible to sow seeds in open ground in the fall. If there are already thujas on the site, then it is easy to prepare the seed on your own. In late August or early September, the cones are harvested and dried. From the dried cones, the change easily spills out.

Don’t hesitate to plant seeds. Since the germination of planting material decreases literally after 3-3.5 months of storage. At home, the seeds are planted in specially prepared boxes.

Landing stages

  1. For growing thuja, a soil mixture consisting of peat, soddy soil and sand (in a ratio of 1: 1: 2, respectively) is suitable.
  2. On the surface of the soil, rows are drawn at a distance of about 5-6 cm from each other. Seeds are evenly distributed and lightly sprinkled with earth.
  3. The soil is compacted and watered from a watering can. In the future, the crops are moistened only when the earth dries up, otherwise the seeds will simply rot.

The first shoots appear after about three weeks.

How to care for sprouts

To ensure the full growth of the seedlings, every two weeks of planting the thuja is fertilized. You can apply a mixture of mineral fertilizers (potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen). Also, experienced gardeners recommend using preparations containing copper, zinc, manganese (Agricola, Mortar).

During the year, the seedlings grow by about 7-8 cm. These are not lush sprouts, which are usually left to grow in a common container for another year. But it is quite possible to plant plants in an open garden. Choose a penumbra area. The soil is pre-fertilized. It is enough to add 45 g of nitrophoska, 250 g of wood ash and a bucket of humus per square meter when digging.

Thuja is such an unpretentious plant that seedlings can be transplanted or planted several times as they grow. The optimal seating pattern for a small thuja: 30×30 cm. When transplanting, it is important to consider the location of the root collar. If it is deepened too much, the plant may die.

Thuja needs minimal care during the growth process. Plants are regularly fed, the earth is loosened after watering and mulched. Weeds are weeded out.

For three-year-old seedlings, it is necessary to determine a permanent place of growth. By this time, the thuja grows by about 50-55 cm. And it will not be difficult to pick up trees of the same shape so that the decorative hedge looks harmonious. To maintain a certain shape of the hedge, arborvitae are regularly sheared.

Planting cuttings

Planting cuttings

This method ensures the preservation of the varietal qualities of the tree. Therefore, it is often used for landscaping suburban paths, personal plots. The negative point is that the bushes do not take root well. But, subject to the rules of phased planting, it is easy to get good results. You can do this exciting process both in spring and autumn. Cuttings are cut from healthy three-year-old branches.

The main stages of landing:

  • twigs for a day put in water with a solution of Kornevin;
  • a layer of drainage is poured into a special box (pebbles, small broken bricks, expanded clay are suitable);
  • pour the soil-sand mixture. It is recommended to additionally disinfect the soil: it is pre-calcined or doused with boiling water. The earth is watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate;
  • when the soil mixture has cooled, thuja branches are inserted into small holes. The recess around the shoot is covered with soil and slightly compacted.

It is important to prevent the soil from drying out or stagnant moisture. After about 50-60 days, you can evaluate the results of planting work: how many shoots have taken root and taken root.

Some summer residents prefer to plant cuttings in the fall. And there is a reason for this: the sap flow of the shoots slows down, and they do not suffer much from a lack of moisture. For harvesting twigs, the time is chosen when the leaves fly around. Therefore, planting thuja can be done in October (northern regions of Russia) or in November (Kuban). But in any case, shoots are cut from branches no younger than 3-4 years. The correct cutting should have a woody part (at the base), thanks to which the root system begins to form.

How to germinate cuttings in a jar of water

In order not to rely on chance, it makes sense to activate the process of root formation. To do this, put several branches (no more than five) in a container of water. Water should cover the ends of the shoots by 2-3 cm. Moreover, the green part should be above the water. The container is placed in a bright, warm place. The whole procedure for caring for thuja comes down to changing the water. To prevent the plants from drying out during this procedure, they are wrapped in a moistened cloth. Fresh water must be disinfected with potassium permanganate.

With this method of breeding, plants still need to grow (about 2-3 years). To do this, a shkolka (mini-bed) is equipped in the open ground. Cuttings cut in spring are planted in open ground in autumn. And the autumn shoots are transplanted into the school in the spring.

Thuja in the garden

Thuja is great for decorating apartments, balconies, loggias. It should be borne in mind that the plant needs good lighting. If the containers are in the shade, then the thuja branches will quickly turn yellow. Also, the soil should not be allowed to dry out too much. In summer, seedlings are watered 2 times a week, and in winter one is sufficient. Loosening the soil will prevent it from drying out quickly. You can mulch the ground with sawdust or peat .

The plant does not tolerate a sharp and strong change in air temperature. At the same time, cracks appear on the trunk, which can contribute to the occurrence of fungal diseases. Damage to the cortex is treated with special preparations or a solution of foundationazole (a gram of the drug per liter of water is enough).

The evergreen thuja picturesquely adorns balconies and garden plots. A rich palette of greenery, a variety of forms of the thuja crown allow you to create original plant compositions.

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